euro 101 lecture 4

euro 101 lecture 4 - Lecture 4 09/08/11 Rhapsode- someone...

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Lecture 4 09/08/11 Rhapsode - someone who performed epic poetry, it was an oral tradition passed on by people who heard the stories, this might include even more interference with Homer’s work than papyrus scrolls did. Usually the tellers had to memorize the text from memory and it is performed through generations. - Some problems that arose from this were: 1) Little changes can occur due to memory which can multiply over time 2) Whether or not one can accept the rhapsodic transmission in the Odyssey or how we can get from the oral creation into the literary one. Literary and oral cultures do not work well together. However once literacy improved, the tradition of oral singing collapsed. Improvised text- It is not the same as a modern novel, short story or poem. It is meant to be performed or sung in the moment. Homer is represented as a singer of the text rather than the writer of the text. The Iliad incorporates 3 major dialects: Attic, Aeolic, Ionic. ALL of them have consistency of tone, language and dialect. It is very unusual for a single work to use different dialects. Epithets were adopted by Homer from dialects which are sometimes used anachronistically (placed in the wrong period of time). Homer’s epic language is not colloquial and could not be spoken by any one person. Question: Why are there three traces of dialect throughout these stories?
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course EUR 101 taught by Professor Westphalen during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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euro 101 lecture 4 - Lecture 4 09/08/11 Rhapsode- someone...

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