3.1HIS113 - The war of 1812 was fought between Britain and...

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The war of 1812 was fought between Britain and the United States. Although nothing much of physical worth was gained by the Americans, it was dubbed a second war of independence whereas the Americans came out victorious. It was a psychological victory, which empowered American thought and forever changed relations with Britain. No longer could Britain dictate terms to the Americans. America was now its own boss and had proved that she was able to handle her own affairs and that she was in control. The Southerners and the Westerners had no doubt that Britain was responsible for all of their present problems. From the loss of the European markets to agricultural depression to the problems they were having with the Indians. The British had kept in contact with the Indians due to their interest in fur trade and the idea of an Indian buffer state. They wanted and encouraged the Indians to resist American expansion and therefore supplied them. The real problem that the Americans had with the Indians was that their greediness caused them to infringe on Indian territories. The North West ordinance had promised that the Indians had to give their consent in order for the land to be taken. The Americans disregarded these rights so the Indians retaliated. The federal government never helped to protect the Indians rights. There was continuous fighting between the two groups. Over the following years, the Indians were tricked, bribed and intimidated into giving up their lands to the Americans. This confirmed frontiersmen’s conviction that it would be best to remove the British from North America. The War Hawks, a group of young republicans, had always thought war to be the answer. They were mainly of the Western states and the lower south frontier regions. They maintained that America could not be truly independent when there was so much interference in their trade. Henry Clay was the leader of the War Hawks and the speaker of the House of Representatives.
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He was therefore able to place War Hawks, like John Calhoun and Felix Grundy, on most of the major committees and in this way and by other means was able to push for war. Madison was not a War Hawk.
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2011 for the course HISTORY 113 taught by Professor ?? during the Spring '10 term at Thomas Edison State.

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3.1HIS113 - The war of 1812 was fought between Britain and...

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