Scientific Taxonomy and Earth’s Biodiversity
includes mammals, insects, birds, echinoderms, and other species.
This paper will examine the following in particular: armadillos, elephants, butterflies, termites,
hummingbirds, penguins, starfishes, and sand dollars. They share the same characteristics that
distinguish them apart from other species, including the fact that they are eukaryotic and
generally multicellular. They are also motile, heterotrophic, lack cell walls, and most animal
embryos go through a blastula stage.
Armadillos and elephants are the species that I have chosen for this paper. These
mammals share the same characteristics. They are warm-blooded; their offspring are born alive,
and have lungs to breathe air. On the other hand, these mammals have apparent differences. The
body characteristics are the most evident. An armadillo is of moderate size, has hard armor-like
skin, short legs, and has claws. An elephant’s physical characteristics consist of its enormous
size, tusks, and a trunk. Also, an elephant’s diet is usually plant flood, considering that it is an
herbivore, while an armadillo uses its sharp claws to dig for grubs or insects. The elephant
belongs to the order Proboscidea, which only contains one family of living animals. This
includes the African Bush Elephant, Asian Elephant, and African Forest Elephant. Animals that
feed by their trunk are classified in the Proboscidea order . The armadillo is the only family in
the order Cingulata, including the super order Xenartha, which includes anteaters and sloths.
Animals with girdle like shells are classified in the Cingulata order .