GTY 154 - Chapter 2V2

GTY 154 - Chapter 2V2 - GTY 154 Theories and Methods Theory...

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GTY 154 Theories and Methods
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Theory and Methodology in Gerontology Chosen based on research question Theory Conceptual model Creation of a pattern Aid in development of hypotheses Vary in focus
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Early Developments Personal Experience 17 th Century 18 th Century 19 th Century 20 th Century
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Gerontology Research Today World War II Academic Journals 1960s
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Gerontology as a Discipline Is Gerontology a Discipline? Subfield?
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Theory and Research Methods Guide Theory Making sense Linkages Development of hypotheses
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Levels of Theories Micro-level theories People and relationships Macro-level theories Social institutions and systems
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Three Theoretical Perspectives Interpretive Functionalist Conflict
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Interpretive Perspective Micro-level Theories Social constructionism Social exchange theory Symbolic-interactionist Social phenomenology Ethnomethodology
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Interpretive Perspective Critiques Gives only one view of social life Does not look at the impact of social policies on people or groups Does not discuss power and conflict between social groups
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Functionalist Perspective Society is a system made up of many parts Society regulates itself Changes in system evoke mechanisms to reestablish order
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Functionalist Perspective Assumptions of structural-functionalist perspective influence multiple theories in gerontology Disengagement theory Activity theory Modernization theory Age-stratification theory
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Functionalist Perspective Assumptions of structural-functionalist perspective are related to age-stratification theory Norms and values influence individual aging Relationship between individual and society is a feedback loop Society is a homogeneous set of structures and functions that all people experience in the same way
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Functionalist Perspective Strengths of age-stratification theory Helps separate age differences from age changes over the life course Highlights influence of historical and social change on individuals and cohorts Highlights relationship between aging and social structures
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GTY 154 - Chapter 2V2 - GTY 154 Theories and Methods Theory...

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