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GTY 154 - Chapter 3V2

GTY 154 - Chapter 3V2 - GTY 154 Societal Change Four Types...

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Unformatted text preview: GTY 154 Societal Change Four Types of Societies Gerhard & Lenski (1974) Four stages of sociocultural evolution Hunting and Gathering Horticultural Agricultural (agrarian) Industrial New sociocultural stage Postindustrial Hunting and Gathering Small nomadic bands No permanent settlement Simple technologies Simple division of labor Hunting and Gathering Demographics of the past Few older adults Life expectancy: 18 years “Old” defined as 45-60 years 65+ years: approximately 3% Hunting and Gathering Four conditions that lead to support Must play important role in the society Must live near and fit into extended family Must control some important material resource or knowledge Must value group well-being over personal development Hunting and Gathering Two stages of old age Stage 1: Reduced activity Men Women Stage 2: Overaged Older adults who adapt to decreases in strength and have social role that contributes to group more likely to age successfully Hunting and Gathering Attitudes toward and treatment of older adults Ambivalence Kill or Abandon Older adults find ways to adapt to limitations Questions the ideal of a “golden” past of love, respect for older people Agricultural (Agrarian) Emerged 10,00 years ago Settled in one location Food surplus Social classes Complex religious, political, economic institutions Agricultural (Agrarian) Demographics of the Past Greater proportion of older people Until 19 th Century, 90% of all ages lived or...
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GTY 154 - Chapter 3V2 - GTY 154 Societal Change Four Types...

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