GTY 154 - Chapter 11V2

GTY 154 - Chapter 11V2 - GTY 154 Housing and Transportation...

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GTY 154 Housing and Transportation
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Living Arrangements Majority live alone or with a spouse 1/3 of 65+ live alone Women: 38% live alone Men: 19% live alone Number living alone will likely increase Reasons High divorce rates in middle years Increased numbers of never-married Preference for “intimacy at a distance” Risks
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Person-Environment Fit Environmental Press Model The relationship between Personal capacity (competence) Total of a person’s physical, mental, social abilities Autonomy Environmental demand (environmental press) Security Forces that, combined with need, lead a person to make a response
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The Lawton-Nahemow Ecological Model
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Housing Options: Single Family Home Most in single family homes have aged in place 80% lived in homes they owned Homes tend to be low market value About ½ of homes have problems: Maintenance, plumbing, kitchen equipment Reasons to stay Some are “overhoused” Troubles with ADLs and IADLs can be an issue
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Housing Options: Single Family Home Home modification Less than 1% of homes have ramps, grab bars 2/3rds of falls could be prevented by home modification Simple changes Rearrange furniture, nightlights, non-slip strips in tub, brighter light bulbs Major changes Handrails, moving to single floor, lighting on stairs
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Housing Options: Apartment About 20% of households headed by older adults are apartments Renter characteristics Older women, lower income than homeowners, spend higher proportion of income on housing, and fewer home modification options Age-Segregation vs. Age Integration Most older people prefer to live in age-integrated settings Benefits of age-segregated housing
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Housing Options: Subsidized Housing Characteristics of older people in subsidized
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2011 for the course GTY 154 taught by Professor Fenster during the Spring '11 term at Miami University.

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GTY 154 - Chapter 11V2 - GTY 154 Housing and Transportation...

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