GTY 154 - Chapter 13V2

GTY 154 - Chapter 13V2 - GTY 154 Family Life & Social...

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GTY 154 Family Life & Social Support
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Marital Status 96% in US marry at least once Proportion of people married decreases from middle age onward Widowhood explains most of decrease in later life Men more likely to be married in later life
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Marriage Advantages Financial resources Income, retirement benefits, cost sharing Greater life satisfaction, subjective well-being Most older couples are happy More than in earlier years Increased love, intimacy, bonding Better health Better adjustment to aging Adult-centered lives by focusing on one another
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Marriage Disadvantages Interests may diverge Potential sources of strain Role changes Ill health Caregiving
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Cohabitation Rate for older people has increased 1960, 0; 1990, 2.4% Rate is predicted to increase with Baby Boomers Increase in LAT relationships Why decide to cohabitate? Common-law relationship after divorce Desire for intimate relationship without marriage Poverty
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Divorce Divorced and separated 11.2% men, 12% women Significantly increased since 1980 Remarriage rare May result in late life economic insecurity May result in loss of social contact with family
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Lifelong Singlehood Never married Many have made decision to stay unmarried Report good health Report freedom and control over lives Have made unique adaptations to aging Strong and diverse social networks Active ties with siblings, friends, family Develop relationships for support, companionship, confidants
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Lifelong Singlehood Report more loneliness than married people Feel less lonely than widowed or divorced Have less of a family network for caregiving Use more formal services More likely to need institutional care if dealing with health problems
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Widowhood US 8.6 million women, 2.1 million men Women more likely to be widowed Men more likely to remarry Some women experience widowhood as a release Gender differences Women have longer life expectancy Men remarry after death of spouse Women tend to marry men older than them
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Bereavement Common problems after spouse’s death Not having enough time to grieve Lack of emotional support after official mourning period Lack of support from adult children during grieving Depression during first year Mental health before bereavement can affect response to loss
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Widows More social supports than men Confidants Network of friends Siblings Support others through caregiving and other support Financial difficulties
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Widowers Less likely than women to have a confidant More isolation Fewer sources of support Harder to make new friends Show greater decline in life satisfaction Higher risk of suicide
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Reasons for dating To find marital partner To stay socially active
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GTY 154 - Chapter 13V2 - GTY 154 Family Life & Social...

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