Chapter 3 - The Legal Context Chapter 3 Learning Objectives...

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The Legal Context Chapter 3
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Learning Objectives Explain why complying with staffing laws can be strategic. Discuss different types of employment relationships. Describe different types of staffing-related laws. Discuss the role affirmative action and equal employment opportunity play when it comes to a firm’s staffing process.
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How Can Legal Compliance Be Strategic? Avoid the expense of lawsuits Avoid the negative public relations that comes with litigation Allows companies to capitalize on the strengths of diversity and perform better because they focus more on performance and merit Be better able to hire quality people from all segments of the labor force
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Why Do Employment Laws Exist? Because the employer typically has disproportionate power in the employment relationship Help to promote fairness and consistent treatment among different employees by prohibiting unfair discrimination in employment and providing equal employment opportunity for everyone
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Complying With Employment Laws Enhances hiring quality Enhances the firm’s reputation and image as an employer Promotes fairness perceptions among job candidates Reduces spillover effects (for example, rejected applicants not becoming customers or discouraging others from applying for jobs) Reinforces an ethical culture Enhances organizational performance by ensuring that people are hired or not hired based on their qualifications, not biases Promotes diversity, which can enhance an organization’s ability to appeal to a broader customer base
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Types of Employment Relationships Employee : someone hired by another person or business for a wage or fixed payment in exchange for personal services, and who does not provide the services as part of an independent business Independent contractor : performs services wherein the employer controls or directs only the result of the work Contingent workers : any job in which an individual does not have a contract for long-term employment Temporary workers Part-time workers Seasonal workers
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Employment at Will Definition : either party can terminate the employment relationship at any time, for any legal reason, with no liability as long as there is no contract for a definite term of employment. Following formal discipline and termination procedures whenever possible is still advised to help avoid discrimination and wrongful termination claims. Best used as a legal defense to keep the organization from being forced to follow its own policies inflexibly. Signing an employment application or to acknowledge receipt of an employee handbook produces a written record that the policy has been read and understood.
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Labor Unions Legally representing workers, organizing employees and negotiating the terms and conditions of union members’ employment The conditions of employment are contained in a contract called a collective bargaining agreement or a collective employment agreement .
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Four Union Models A closed shop exclusively employs people who are
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2011 for the course MNGT 450 taught by Professor Dr.rawat during the Fall '11 term at Nicholls State.

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Chapter 3 - The Legal Context Chapter 3 Learning Objectives...

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