ch07 - Financial Markets and Institutions, 6e...

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Unformatted text preview: Financial Markets and Institutions, 6e (Mishkin/Eakins) Chapter 7 1 Structure of Central Banks and the Federal Reserve System 7.1 Mul tiple Cho ice 1) American s' fear of centralized power and their distrust of moneyed interests explains why the U.S. did not have a central bank until the A) 17th century. B) 18th century. C) 19th century. D) 20th century. Answer: D Question Status: Previous Edition 2) Bank panics in 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, 1884, 1893, and 1907 convinced many that A) the Federal Reserve needed greater control over the banking system. B) the Federal Reserve needed greater authority to deal with problem banks. C) a central bank was needed to prevent future financial panics. D) both A and B of the above. Answer: C Question Status: Previous Edition 3) The unusual structure of the Federal Reserve System is perhaps best explained by A) Americans' fear of centralized power. B) the traditional American distrust of moneyed interests. C) Americans' desire to remove control of the money supply from the U.S. Treasury. D) all of the above. E) only A and B of the above. Answer: E Question Status: Previous Edition 4) The traditional American distrust of moneyed interests and the fear of centralized power help to explain A) the failures of the first two experiments in central banking in the United States. B) the decentralized structure of the Federal Reserve System. C) why the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is not located in New York. D) all of the above. E) only A and B of the above. Answer: D Question Status: Previous Edition 5) The financial panic of 1907 resulted in such widespread bank failures and substantial losses to depositors that the American public finally became convinced that A) the First Bank of the United States had failed to serve as a lender of last resort. B) the Second Bank of the United States had failed to serve as a lender of last resort. C) the Federal Reserve System had failed to serve as a lender of last resort. D) a central bank was needed to prevent future panics. Answer: D Question Status: Previous Edition 6) Nationwi de financial panics in 1873, 1884, 1893, and 1907 might have been avoided had A) the First Bank of the United States served its intended role of lender of last resort. B) the Second Bank of the United States not been abolished in 1836 by President Andrew Jackson. C) the Second Bank of the United States served its intended role of lender of last resort. D) the Federal Reserve served its intended role of lender of last resort. Answer: B Question Status: Previous Edition 7) The many regional Federal Reserve banks resulted from a compromise between parties favoring A) establishment of a central bank and those opposed to its establishment. B) a private central bank and those favoring a government institution. C) establishment of...
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ch07 - Financial Markets and Institutions, 6e...

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