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R&R Notes Weeks 1-3

R&R Notes Weeks 1-3 - Rock and Roll In American Society...

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Rock and Roll In American Society MUH 3023 Prof. David Rossow AL 229 (561) 297-1327 [email protected] ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Introduction – The Rock Music Image Controversy The Western Music Tradition The Definition of Rock Music Chart Positions Billboard The Record Industry Association of America (RIAA) The Four Themes The Popularity Arc ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Introduction – Elements of Music Musical form Rhythm and Meter Simple Verse Form Instrumentation Hook Sugar Sugar The Archies “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction Rolling Stones ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ The 1920s-1940s 1920s World War I “The Great War” Emergence of Jazz in America Economy 1930 - 26,000 businesses failed 1932 - 25% jobless rate Depression 1940s shaped by World War II American soldiers G.I. Bill ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________
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Mainstream Pop Before 1955 National versus regional Roots of rock and roll Large-scale entertainment media Radio 1920: KDKA (Pittsburgh) and WWJ (Detroit) NBC – Part 1; Part 2; Part 3 1930s-1940s national network programming Target audience ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ The Rise of Radio Networks in the 1920s High power transmission (“Superstations”) Federally licensed frequencies Network shows broadcast in the 1930- 40s Radio plays and “soap operas” “The Guiding Light”, 1941 National network audience ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Television Introduced in the late 1940s Corporate money and interest shift RCA (Radio Corporation of America) David Sarnoff Appeal of television Effect on radio series Three entertainment concepts Local and regional radio executives ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Tin Pan Alley NYC Sheet music Professional songwriters Radio Formal patterns Main form Sectional verse-chorus 32-measure pattern called AABA form ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________
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Singers and Big Bands Tin Pan Alley publishers, singers, and radio networks Big bands Rhythm section Horn sections Big bands led by permanent leaders Benny Goodman Tommy Dorsey Jimmy Dorsey Glenn Miller Role of the big band singer ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Singers and Big Bands - Examples Bing Crosby (1903-1977)
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