ch6 - I. II. Chapter 6 Summary Behavioral views of learning...

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Chapter 6 Summary Behavioral views of learning I. Understanding of learning - Definition: Process through which experience causes permanent change in knowledge or behavior. II. Contiguity and Classical Conditioning Different Stimulus combined = Response (Contiguity) - Stimulus: An event that activates behaviors - Responses: Observable Reaction to stimulus a) Contiguity: Association between two events because of repeated pairing. Eg. Eating + Belling = Salvation. b) Classical Conditioning: Association of automatic Reponses with new stimuli - Focus on physiological and emotional respondents. (sweating; heart beating) - Respondents: automatic respondents from body. (involuntary) you can not control. Unconditioned Stimulus (FOOD) Conditioned Stimulus (BELL) Unconditioned Respones (Hunger) Conditioned Respondent (Hunger) - Response Generalization: Responding in the same way as expected - Response Discrimination: Altering the stimulus to respond differently. - Extinction: Make Response disappear. (CS presented repeated but not followed by (US) ) c) Operant Conditioning: Learning where voluntary behavior is strengthened or weakened by consequences or antecedent. - ABC (Antecedent -> Behavior -> Consequence) III. Types of Consequences Stimulus -> Behavior (Premise) Test -> getting sick Bibi sound -> tie seat belt Good grades -> study for a test Locked in a room -> No dating No TV -> No dating Positive Reinforcement Presentation of stimulus Increasing behavior Negative Reinforcement Removal of Stimulus Increasing behavior Presentation punishment Presentation of stimulus Reducing Behavior Removal punishment Removal of Stimulus Reducing Behavior
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IV. Reinforcement Schedule Continuous Reinforcement Schedule A reinforcer is presented after every
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ch6 - I. II. Chapter 6 Summary Behavioral views of learning...

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