ch3 - Chapter 3 Personal, Social, and Emotional Development...

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Chapter 3 Personal, Social, and Emotional Development 1. Describe the changes in physical development in the preschool, elementary, and secondary grades. Physical Development Preschool Years 1. Active 2. Run, jump, climb, hop will help them to grow stronger 3. Children with special physical problems need special training to develop these skills. 4. Preschool students must need interludes of rest scheduled after periods of physical exertion. 5. Fine motor skills were developed through holding fat pencils. ..crayons. .. Elementary School 1. Very aware of physical differences. 2. The size discrepancy can give the girls an advantage in physical activities. Adolescence 1. Puberty: The physiological changes during adolescence that lead to the ability to reproduce. 2. Girls around 11-14 get their first menstrual period. 2. What are some of the consequences of early and late maturation for boys and girls Boys Girls Mature Early Cultural Idealness; popular among peers; leadership developed; delinquent behaviours Emotional difficulties; culturally unfavourable due to thinness. Mature Late More creative, tolerant, perceptive; better problem solvers. Fewer problems; worries increase. 3. What are some of the signs of eating disorders? Bulimia Overeating, then getting rid of the food by self-induced vomiting or laxatives. People tend to maintain normal weight, but their digestive system is damaged permanently. Anorexia Nervosa Eating disorder by very limited food intake Refuse to eat; eat nothing; very thin; may appear pale, have brittle finger nails; easily chilled; depressed; moody, and lonely; stop MC. 4. Why is Erikson theory considered a psychosocial perspective? - Erikson’s psychosocial theory emphasized the emergence of the self, the search for identity, the individual’s relationships with others, and the role of culture throughout life. Similar with Piaget, he regards development as a passage through a series of stages with its particular goals, concerns, accomplishments, and dangers. - Individuals may face a developmental crisis: A specific conflict whose resolution prepares the way for the next stage. 5. What are Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development? - Here are some frame works: Basic Trust V.S Basic Mistrust Feeding 1. Sense of Trust Development from caregivers Autonomy V.S. Shame Toilet 1. The beginning of self-control and self-confidence 2. Tread a fine line; they must be protective; not over 3. Children experience too much doubt will Lack of confidence Initiative V.S. Guilt Independenc e 1. Initiative comes the realization that some activities are forbidden.
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2. Sense of guilt if they are told something is forbidden. Industry V.S. Inferiority.
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ch3 - Chapter 3 Personal, Social, and Emotional Development...

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