psy100 ch1 - Chapter 1 I. A Psychology,Behavior,andMind...

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Chapter 1 I. The Nature of Psychology A. Psychology, Behavior, and Mind - Psychology: as the scientific study of behavior and mind.  - Behavior: actions and responses that we can directly observe - Mind: the internal states and processes, such as thoughts and feelings.  B. Psychology as A Basic And Applied Science 1. Basic Research: reflects the quest for knowledge purely for its own sake 2. Applied Research: designed to solve specific, practical problems 3. Examples:  a) Robber’s Cave : A Basic Research on factors that increase and reduce intergroup  hostility. Its goal was to discover general principles of intergroup conflict, but not  to solve problems.  b) Jigsaw Classroom : The Applied Research Program is to foster cooperation  among children, involves creating multiethnic groups of five or six children who  are assigned to prepare for an upcoming test. This research shows how the  Robber’s Cave experiment provide a foundation for designing intervention  programs.   C. The goals of Psychology: - Describe, understand, predict, influence, apply D. Psychology’s Broad Scope: A levels of Analysis Framework - Levels of analysis: behavior and its causes can be examined at the biological level , the   psychological level , and the environmental level . - Examples: Voodoo (P5) II. Perspectives on Behaviors.  A. Psychology’s intellectual roots - Mind-body  dualism : the belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to physical  laws that govern the body. Rene Descartes noted that the mind and the body interact  through the tiny pineal gland in the brain.  - Monism : a perspective holds that mind and body are one and that the mind is not a  separate spiritual entity.  a) Supporters1: Thomas Hobbs noted that mental events are simply a product of  physical events in the brain. b) Supporters2: John Locke, who is from the school of British Empiricism, believed  that all ideas and knowledge are gained empirically.  c) Psychophysics: the study of how psychologically experienced sensations depend  on the characteristics of physical stimuli. 
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Chapter 1 d) A challenge: Charles Darwin’s  theory of evolution 
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  • Fall '07
  • GEORGEALDER
  • Psychology, mental processes, A. Psychology, Modern cognitive psychology, spiritual entity

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