ling360 final essay pdf

ling360 final essay pdf - The 1st Language Acquisition...

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The 1 st Language Acquisition Behaviorism - The environment as the source of everything that a child needs to learn - Shaping a language Quality and quantity of language (amount of language that a child hears) Reinforcement - Imitates the language of its parents or carers; successful attempts are rewarded; unsuccessful ones are forgotten. - Limitations Language is a set of structures or rules, which can’t be worked out by imitating. (Over-applying a rule) Children go through the same developmental stages. Unable to repeat Correct for politeness Critical Period Hypothesis; language can’t learnt if children past a certain period.
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Innatism - A challenge of behaviorism Can’t explain the logical problem of language acquisition: children know more about the language even they are exposed to some languages. (can produce new sentences) - All languages are fundamentally innate; children learn the way that the Universal Grammar principles make sense. Inborn faculty for language acquisition: the process is biologically determined. Children make sense of their LAD when hearing sentences. - Evidence Evolved vocal tract for language production orally. Specific areas of brain is controlling language production. Creole varieties of English. (How LAD work: from pidgin to creoles)
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Sign Languages Critical Period: children who are not given access to language in infancy and early childhood will not be able to acquire the language if deprivation goes too long. - Limitation Not study real children No account of interaction, nor functional use of language Jim’s case. Rcv a lot of input, but has deaf parents. (no interaction = not meaningful) Interactional/Developmental Perspective Cognitive Theory - Focus on the innate ability of children and the environment where they develop
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- Language is available; they are exposed to language a thousand of times; they have hours of
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ling360 final essay pdf - The 1st Language Acquisition...

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