04-flavor%20_%20beveages

04-flavor%20_%20beveages - 1 1 n Dr J Kellogg believed most...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 n Dr. J Kellogg believed most illnesses had their origins in an unhealthy bowel; he recommended a vegetarian diet, rich in whole grains and yogurt, and regular enemas n He developed his own version of ¡ granula, ¢ was promptly sued by Dr. Jackson, and the term ¡ granola ¢ was born; also developed ¡ granose ¢ flakes n Brother William K. Kellogg was the idea and business man behind the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, 1906, which eventually became the Kellogg Company. 2 C.W. Post Cereals • C. W. Post came to Battle Creek and ¡ the San ¢ a very ill man, and a business failure • Became interested in diet and health, and opened his own medical boarding house • C.W. Post is credited as being the first person to use print advertising to promote interest in his products; eventually became a millionaire Legumes • Third largest family among the flowering plants • Second most important food after cereals Legumes origins • Near East Lentil, Pea, Chick pea, Broad bean • Asia Mung bean, Soybean • Central and South American Common bean, Lima bean 2 History of Soybean • Soybean originated from China – was considered as one of the five sacred grains • Domestication and processing began since Shang Dynasty (1700 – 1100 B.C.) or earlier • First introduced by a Yankee clipper in 1804 when returning to the U.S. from China George Washington Craver Soy Bean Composition • 20% oil • 40% protein 3 DEFINITIONS HISTORY OF SOME FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SENSORY ATRIBUTES COMPOSITION – NUTRITIVE VALUE RIPENING STORAGE AND PRESERVATION Animals & fungi are heterotrophic: ( ¡ other ¢- nourished) Plants are autotrophic: SELF-NOURISHED PHOTOSYNTHESIS Plants have chlorophyll (green pigment found in chloroplasts) which make photosynthesis possible. CO 2 + H 2 0 + light → sugar + 0 2 • Fruit = derived from the ovary; surrounds the seeds • Vegetable = other parts of the plant •stem (asparagus, celery) •roots (beets, carrot, radish) •leaves (lettuce, spinach) •flowers (broccoli, artichoke) 4 FRUIT DEFINITIONS • Oxford Dictionary: ¡ Edible product of plant or tree, consisting of seed and its envelope, especially the latter juicy or pulpy. ¡ • Consumer: ¢ Plant products with aromatic flavors, which are either naturally sweet or normally sweetened before eating. ¡ Willis et al. (1981) • Compare to Botanical: ¡ A plant that contains one or more matured ovaries. ¢ Fig Peduncle Strawberry Receptacle Mangosteen Aril Pomegranate seed Outer layer Of the testa Peach Mesocarp Orange Endodermal Intralocular tissue Grapes Pericarp Tomato Placental intralocular tissue Septum Pineapple Peduncle Pedicel Cashew apple FRUITS • Rose Family • Pome (apples, pears) • Stone/ Drupes (cherry, plum, peach) • Berries (black, rasp, strawberries) • Squash Family (melons) • Citrus (lemon, grapefruit, orange) • Miscellaneous (banana, fig, date, kiwi, pineapple) FRUIT FAMILIES VEGETABLES Are derived from various parts of plants...
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2011 for the course OCHEM 118A taught by Professor Schore during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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04-flavor%20_%20beveages - 1 1 n Dr J Kellogg believed most...

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