Week 3 Notes Sat Mot - leadership effectiveness be studied...

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leadership effectiveness be studied and evaluated? 1. The leader him/herself o Personality, traits o Personal characteristics (demographics, personal background, upbringing, cultural background, life experiences, etc.) 2. Followers o Followers' motivation, satisfaction o General attitudes towards their work o General attitudes towards the leader 3. Context o Current organizational situation o Opportunities o Effective leadership is highly dependent upon a specific situation 4. Process o Leader's actions, their path to guiding others o How a leader uses the situational circumstances to lead o What do followers need? Are you, as a leader, a good match for their needs? 5. Outcomes o Results of good or bad leadership o E.g., number of followers, followers' attitudes and satisfaction, reaching organizational outcomes
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History of Leadership Studies 1. Personality era Focus is on personality and personal characteristics Assumption: Leadership is something that you are born with 2. Influence era Focus is on exploring how leader influences his/her followers through power Assumption: Leader is dominant, leader has the power 3. Behavior era: Focus is on skills and behaviors Assumption: Leadership is something that you can learn 4. Situation era Focus is on organizational and situational factors, type of job, type of industry Assumption: Leader and group environment are important 5. Contingency era Focus is on the interplay of personality, situation, and influence Assumption: Leadership is a set of complex processes 6. Transactional era Focus is on interaction between followers and the leader Assumption: Relationship with followers is a crucial component of the leadership process 7. Anti-leadership era Focus is on moving away from attempts to capture the leadership construct Assumption: There are too many theories that explain very little of one's success as a leader 8. Culture era Focus is on the overall organizational culture (e.g., norms, values, beliefs) Assumption: Health of organizational culture will affect the leadership effectiveness 9. Transformational era Focus is on creating a vision, exploring charismatic leadership Assumption: people are intrinsically motivated and transformational leaders can empower them and give them resources to succeed
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Role of Personal Traits Traits = personal characteristics (e.g., personality, physical characteristics, knowledge) There is no "magic" mix of traits that are possessed by great leaders "The Great Man" theory of leadership o One of the first leadership theories o Certain people are born with certain personality traits that make them leaders
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Week 3 Notes Sat Mot - leadership effectiveness be studied...

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