Chapter 00 TOC

Chapter 00 TOC - Contents Chapter 1 QUAntItAtIVe CHeMIstRY...

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Unformatted text preview: Contents Chapter 1 QUAntItAtIVe CHeMIstRY 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro’s constant 1.2 Formulas 1.3 Chemical equations 1.4 Mass and gaseous volume relationships in chemical reactions 1.5 Solutions Appendix Chapter 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 12.1 Chapter 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 13.1 13.2 Chapter 4 4.1 4.2 14.1 14.2 14.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.2 Chapter 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 4 6 14 18 26 34 AtoMIC stRUCtURe The atom The mass spectrometer Electron arrangement Electron configuration 47 52 54 61 PeRIoDICItY The periodic table Physical properties Chemical Properties Trends across period 3 (AHL) First row D-block elements (AHL) 70 72 76 82 84 CHeMICAL BonDInG Ionic bonding Covalent bonding Shapes of molecules and ions (AHL) Hybridization (AHL) Delocalization of electrons (AHL) Intermolecular forces Metallic bonding Physical properties Covalent bonding (cont) 97 101 110 114 118 122 126 127 130 eneRGetICs Exothermic & endothermic reactions Calculation of enthalpy changes Hess’s law Bond enthalpies Standard enthalpy changes of reaction (AHL) Born-Haber cycle (AHL) Entropy (AHL) Spontaneity (AHL) 135 138 141 144 147 151 155 157  TOC.indd 5 6/12/2007 10:18:22 AM Chapter 6 6.1 6.2 16.1 16.2 16.3 Chapter 7 KInetICs Rates of reaction Collision theory Rate Expression (AHL) Reaction mechanism (AHL) Activation energy (AHL) eQUILIBRIUM 7.1 Dynamic equilibrium 7.2 The position of equilibrium 17.1 Liquid-vapour equilibrium (AHL) 17.2 The equilibrium law (AHL) Extension Material Chapter 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 Chapter 9 161 167 170 175 179 181 184 192 194 197 ACIDs AnD BAses Theories of acids and bases Properties of acids and bases Strong and weak acids & bases The pH scale Calculations involving acids & bases (AHL) Buffer solutions (AHL) Salt Hydrolysis (AHL) Acid–base titrations (AHL) Indicators (AHL) 207 212 213 215 217 221 224 225 228 oXIDAtIon & ReDUCtIon 9.1 Introduction to Oxidation & reduction 9.2 Redox equations Extension Material 9.3 Reactivity 9.4 Voltaic cells 19.1 Standard electrode potentials (AHL) 9.5 Electrolytic cells 19.2 Electrolysis (AHL) 232 236 239 241 243 245 250 251 Chapter 10 oRGAnIC CHeMIstRY 10.1 20.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 20.5 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.6 Introduction Introduction (AHL) Alkanes Alkenes Alcohols Halogenoalkanes Reaction pathways Reaction pathways (AHL) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (AHL) Elimination reactions (AHL) Condensation reactions (AHL) Stereoisomerism (AHL) 255 261 265 267 271 273 275 276 277 280 281 283 i TOC.indd 6 6/12/2007 10:18:22 AM Chapter 11 MeAsUReMent AnD DAtA PRoCessInG 11.1 Uncertainty and error in measurement 11.2 Uncertainties in calculated results 11.3 Graphical techniques 289 292 295 Chapter 12 option A: MoDeRn AnALYtICAL CHeMIstRY A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A9 A6 A7 A10 A8 Analytical techniques Principles of spectroscopy Infrared spectroscopy Mass spectrometry Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy (HL) Atomic absorption (AA) spectroscopy Chromatography Chromatography (HL) Visible and ultraviolet (UV-Vis) spectroscopy (HL) 299 299 302 304 307 308 310 312 314 318 Chapter 13 option B: HUMAn BIoCHeMIstRY B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 Energy Proteins Carbohydrates Lipids Micronutrients and macronutrients Hormones Enzymes (HL) Nucleic acids Respiration (HL) 323 324 331 334 341 343 346 351 356 Chapter 14 option C: CHeMIstRY In InDUstRY AnD teCHnoLoGY C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12 Iron, steel and aluminium The oil industry Addition polymers Catalysts Fuel cells and rechargeable batteries Liquid crystals Nanotechnology Condensation polymers (HL) Mechanisms in the organic chemicals industry (HL) Silicon and photovoltaic cells (HL) Liquid crystals (HL) The chlor–alkali industry (HL) 364 370 372 374 379 382 385 389 392 393 395 397 ii TOC.indd 7 6/12/2007 10:18:22 AM Chapter 15 option D: MeDICInes AnD DRUGs D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 Pharmaceutical products Antacids Analgesics Depressants Stimulants Antibacterials Antivirals Drug action (HL) Drug design (HL) Mind altering drugs (HL) 405 410 412 415 419 422 424 425 427 431 Chapter 16 option e: enVIRonMentAL CHeMIstRY E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 E10 E11 E12 Air pollution Acid deposition Greenhouse effect Ozone depletion Dissolved oxygen in water Water treatment Soil Waste Ozone depletion (HL) Smog (HL) Acid deposition (HL) Water and Soil (HL) 437 444 447 449 451 452 455 459 461 463 465 466 Chapter 17 option F: FooD CHeMIstRY F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F9 Food groups Fats and oils Shelf life Colour Genetically modified foods Texture Stereo-chemistry in food (HL) (HL material from F7, F8 and F10 has been integrated) 475 476 477 481 486 487 488 Chapter 18 option G: FURtHeR oRGAnIC CHeMIstRY G1 Electrophilic addition reactions G2 Nucleophilic addition reactions G4 Addition–elimination reactions G3 Elimination reactions G5 Arenes G6 Organometallic chemistry G7, G11 Reaction pathways (SL and HL) G8 Acid–base reactions G9 Addition–elimination reactions G10 Electrophilic substitution reactions 495 497 498 499 500 502 503 504 506 507 Glossary 513 Index 553 iii TOC.indd 8 6/12/2007 10:18:22 AM ...
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