Journal # 1
Howard Gardner proposed the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983.
theory presented the thought that there are different ways the people learn, what Gardner
called different intelligences.
The theory operates under the assumption that people learn
in different ways and that it is possible for someone to be “smarter” in one type of
intelligence than in another.
In addition, research suggests that it is possible that the
intelligences one displays the most truth in may change slightly from day to day,
depending on mood and perspective. Currently there are nine different intelligences that
have been specified: spatial, linguistic, logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, musical,
interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, and existential.
Due to the many different typed
of intelligences it is important to take them into account when planning classroom
Ideally a teacher should incorporate several different types of intelligences
into a lesson.
In addition to creating a classroom environment that facilitates learning for
several different types of students, this also presents an atmosphere for learning that is
interesting and engaging.
In 1956, Benjamin Bloom and others developed different classification levels of
intellectual behavior that is important to learning.
Within this framework there exist six
levels of cognitive domain, ranging from lower level thinking, which involves simple
recall, to higher level thinking, that involves taking thinking to another level.
important that teachers seek to activate higher level thinking, as this allows students to
have a more meaningful connection with the things that they are learning.
Journal # 2
A highly important component of a language classroom is that of the manner in
which the lessons are presented.
There exist several different methods as to how one
might achieve this; some well known methods are: audiolingual method, community
language learning, direct method, grammar translation, natural approach, silent way.
Suggestopedia,and total physical response (TPR).
These methods present a variety of
ways that might help someone gain proficiency in a language; however, there are some
that I believe might work better than others.
If one considers the different themes that are present among these many ways of
language learning, two general approaches can be identified.
The first approach presents
language in the form of strict rules and drills, while the second attempts to follow a more
‘natural’ approach where students are made to think critically (this approach often
Although I believe that learning specific rules and practicing drills
can be beneficial at times, I feel that it is important to be sure that students learn in an
environment that creates the opportunity to participate and think critically.
own experiences in language I have found that it is when the opportunity to use the