Lesson 6 Intro and References-1

Lesson 6 Intro and References-1 - Lesson 6, Writing a Draft...

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Lesson 6, Writing a Draft of the Introduction and References The introduction is actually a review of background information from journal articles that the reader should know about your study. It gives information about your participant's disability, the skill deficit or problem behavior your intervention addresses, research that has been done on the intervention(s) and motivation system you will be using, and it clearly states the purpose for your intervention study. The introduction usually begins with a definition and description of the type of primary disability or at-risk condition that affects the student with whom you are working. For example, if your student has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, you would begin by describing the typical challenges for someone with this condition, the symptoms presented by this disorder, and the statistics for how often this occurs. Gather your information from professional journal articles so that it is research based. Next, you would elaborate on the skill deficit or target behavior that you are treating. Describe why this skill is important or how this behavior interferes with learning or functional skills. Use factual information from journal articles to convince the reader that this is a significant problem that is important to address. For example, if you are trying to improve reading accuracy, give data on how many people have literacy problems, describe how this impedes learning or hurts later success in life, and tell why the specific skills you are addressing
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are important for correcting these problems. State only information you have drawn from journal articles or books. Do not rely on your opinion. Provide a transition into the paragraph that describes research on the type of instructional intervention and motivation system you will be using in hope of improving the student's skill or behavior. Include brief descriptions of actual research that has been done earlier using this intervention and motivation system. For example, you describe research where contingent points awarded for accurate reading of flashcards have been found to be effective in improving reading skills. Then describe two or three studies that used flashcards for instruction and studies that have used points as rewards for accurate reading or combined flashcards and point rewards, what kind of students were in these studies, and what the results showed. Finally, end the Introduction with a clear statement of the purpose for your study . You should use the following frame to state the purpose of your study. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of _______________ (indicate your intervention = independent variable) on the ______________ (indicate your target behavior = dependent variable) of a ____________ (describe the participant in your study) in a _______________ (indicate the setting). For example: “The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the Direct Instruction Reading Mastery
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Lesson 6 Intro and References-1 - Lesson 6, Writing a Draft...

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