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PS102Lecture12 - The Ethics of Observation The PS 102...

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The Ethics of Observation The Ethics of Observation PS 102 Introduction to Political Inquiry Lecture 12
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The Ethical Implications of The Ethical Implications of Observation Observation Concerns arise when there is potential for harm to subjects Harm from the research process Treatment Interaction with the researcher Harm from invasion of privacy Harm from information disclosure Social embarrassment or stigma Legal difficulties Physical harm or retribution
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History of Research Ethics History of Research Ethics Nazi medical experiments Hypothermia, burns, diseases, chemicals, etc. Also Unit 731 in Japan Nuremberg Code established 1948 Voluntary consent Right to end participation Minimize risk relative to benefit Benefits must outweigh risks Prior research on animals
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History of Research Ethics History of Research Ethics Nuremberg Code lacked force of law Little impact on US research Tuskegee Syphilis Study, 1932-1972 No informed consent Treatment was withheld and sabotaged Milgram Authority Experiments, 1961 Deceived subjects about harming others Stressed and upset participants
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History of Research Ethics History of Research Ethics
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