1. A big difference in college, as opposed to previous schooling, is that in college you are tested more for your comprehension of subjects rather than your memorization of the criteria. This results in students having a poor gauge on how much material they understand, that is, a poor metacognition. 2. The most important factor in successful learning is what you think about while you learn. You will have more success in learning if you are thinking deeply about the material, deep processing, than if you are simply memorizing it, shallow processing. 3. In order to optimize learning, one must use the four principles of deep learning. These are elaboration, distinctiveness, personal, and retrieval and application. These make comprehension easier by understanding what the concept relates to, why it's different, how it has applied to you and knowing how you will use it. 4. In order to put the deep processing principles into practice and actively think about the material
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