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Name: 1 Musc 171 Social History of Popular Music Terminology 4-to-the-floor – regular bass drum pattern played on each beat of a 4/4 bar (mainly associated with dance music) 12 Bar Blues – African-American music from using three chords (primary chords I, IV,V or 1,4 and 5) A Cappella- vocals without accompaniment (no instruments) Alto – The lowest female singing voice and highest singing voice Baritone – A low male singing voice Bass – The lowest: male singing voice; part of the music; instrument. Basso ostinato – repeated bass pattern Blue notes – Notes sung or played below their intended pitch (most commonly the 3 rd , 7 th and 5th of the scale). Creating a “blues” sound. Blues – African-American music form for solo voice, derived from spirituals and work songs. The basis of Jazz. Characterized by the minor 3 rd or 7 th of the scale; the form is 12 bars long with a specific chord progression. Brass – Wind instruments made out of metal with either a cup or funnel shaped mouth piece (trumpet, cornet, bugle, trombone etc.).

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