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ENGL 2270: Final Study Guide1.Dramatic monologue:implied audience, setting; spoken by a character in the 1stpersona.Ex:Prufrok2.Blank Verse:unrhymed iambic pentameter3.Free Verse:no regular rhyme, line length, or rhythma.Doesn’t arrange to traditional iambic pentameter4.Iambic pentameter:most common, 5ft or 10 syllables5.Personification:give human characteristics to objects or abstractionsStanza:an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhymescheme, forming a division of a poem.6.Sonnet:14 lines, with a regular line pattern7.Modernism:movement in arts that stressed experimentation, innovationa.Breaking away from old ways; a response to change in the worldb.(1918-1939; B/t WWI & WWII)c.Intro of mass transportation; trains, steamshipsd.Response to a world where old order (revolutions, totalitarian) is passing awaye.In Arts:*concern with form; self conscious of form; Free-verse8.Enjambment:no punctuation (end stopped)Herman Melville•Bartleby, the ScriveneroMelville’s preoccupation with the issues of the antebellum culture: industrialization, capitalism, and the rise of themodern economyoWhy does the narrator choose to write about Bartleby?He is a copier who doesn’t copy – Melville is a writer who cannot write what people want (ppl don’t likehis work when he writes for him self)oBartleby gets no contact with nature while working, only when he is in the “Tombs” (NYC jail).His office is a kind of tomb – surrounded by wallsoScribner’s got paid very little – lived life of povertyo“Here I can cheaply purchase a delicious self-approval” (1101)He can “do good” satisfy his conscious with little cost to him self.Human nature to want to feel good about selfoNarrator:Seems to remain impervious to the demand for charity. Bartleby is the symbol of charity.Easiest way of life is the bestA tale of Wall-Street” market in Jackson Ian US, narrators business ethos, wall as metaphorJohn Jacob Aster as American iconContagion of “prefer”Narrators beliefsBartleby’s solitude and miseryBond of common humanitybuilding: “unhallowed by humanizing domestic associations” (1110)Predestined test or source of scandal? Moral dilemma (1111), Christianity vs. capitalism“What shall I do?” (1112)Denying BartlebyoDeath & its Trappings:Death seems to surround Bartleby from the moment he walks in the door and into the Narrator's life. He'sdescribed incessantly as "cadaverous," and this corpse-like disposition is reflected not only in his pallidappearance, but also in his eerily calm manner. The Narrator has a chilling vision of Bartleby as a corpsein his winding sheet, which evokes both sympathy and fear in himself and in his readers, and even whenBartleby is alive (technically), he has a certain undead quality about him. Also significant is what theNarrator calls Bartleby's "dead wall reveries," in which Bartleby stares at the "dead," blank brick walloutside his office window for hours on end. This presence of the living dead in the office is a reallydisturbing one – there's something incredibly creepy about Bartleby's perpetually incomprehensibleinaction.