Final Study Guide -ENGL 2270

Final Study Guide -ENGL 2270 - ENGL 2270 Final Study Guide...

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ENGL 2270: Final Study Guide 1. Dramatic monologue: implied audience, setting; spoken by a character in the 1 st person a. Ex: Prufrok 2. Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter 3. Free Verse: no regular rhyme, line length, or rhythm a. Doesn’t arrange to traditional iambic pentameter 4. Iambic pentameter: most common, 5ft or 10 syllables 5. Personification: give human characteristics to objects or abstractions Stanza: an arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem. 6. Sonnet: 14 lines, with a regular line pattern 7. Modernism: movement in arts that stressed experimentation, innovation a. Breaking away from old ways; a response to change in the world b. (1918-1939; B/t WWI & WWII) c. Intro of mass transportation; trains, steamships d. Response to a world where old order (revolutions, totalitarian) is passing away e. In Arts: *concern with form; self conscious of form; Free-verse 8. Enjambment: no punctuation (end stopped) Herman Melville Bartleby, the Scrivener o Melville’s preoccupation with the issues of the antebellum culture: industrialization, capitalism, and the rise of the modern economy o Why does the narrator choose to write about Bartleby? He is a copier who doesn’t copy – Melville is a writer who cannot write what people want (ppl don’t like his work when he writes for him self) o Bartleby gets no contact with nature while working, only when he is in the “Tombs” (NYC jail). His office is a kind of tomb – surrounded by walls o Scribner’s got paid very little – lived life of poverty o “Here I can cheaply purchase a delicious self-approval” (1101) He can “do good” satisfy his conscious with little cost to him self. Human nature to want to feel good about self o Narrator: Seems to remain impervious to the demand for charity. Bartleby is the symbol of charity. Easiest way of life is the best A tale of Wall-Street” market in Jackson Ian US, narrators business ethos, wall as metaphor John Jacob Aster as American icon Contagion of “prefer” Narrators beliefs Bartleby’s solitude and misery Bond of common humanity building: “unhallowed by humanizing domestic associations” (1110) Predestined test or source of scandal? Moral dilemma (1111), Christianity vs. capitalism “What shall I do?” (1112) Denying Bartleby o Death & its Trappings: Death seems to surround Bartleby from the moment he walks in the door and into the Narrator's life. He's described incessantly as "cadaverous," and this corpse-like disposition is reflected not only in his pallid appearance, but also in his eerily calm manner. The Narrator has a chilling vision of Bartleby as a corpse in his winding sheet, which evokes both sympathy and fear in himself and in his readers, and even when Bartleby is alive (technically), he has a certain undead quality about him. Also significant is what the Narrator calls Bartleby's "dead wall reveries," in which Bartleby stares at the "dead," blank brick wall outside his office window for hours on end. This presence of the living dead in the office is a really
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