Midterm - The settlement of American was expansion of Euro...

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The settlement of American was expansion of Euro domains & search of wealth. Not for religious freedom, but to practice their religion. English Reformation - Henry VIII (1532): Could not conceive with his wife & wanted an heir – therefore divorce. Catholic church didn’t allow—so he separated from church Allegory: an extended metaphor – extended into a narrative o A representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another. Doppelganger: is a tangible double of a living person in fiction , folklore , and popular culture that typically represents evil Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our god .” Simile: a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “she is like a rose. Synecdoche: figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man. Personification: the attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions Stanza: formal grouping of lines in a poem Couplet: a pair of successive lines of verse, especially a pair that rhyme are of the same length Lambic pentameter: a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable Quatrain: s a stanza or poem consisting of four verses. Pilgrims: 1620-Mayflower; o Separatists: wanted to separate entirely from the English church Puritans: Winthrop (1630); Reformists, want to purify the church from with in. Mass Bay Co. o Congregational Churches- less hierarchy o Valued education greatly Reformation: Martin Luther & John Calvin Calvin Theology: o The convent of Grace – The total depravity of man We are born into sin, through original sin (no child innocence) o Predetermined destination (god knows who is (not) saved) You could never know which – to be sure is to be damned o Salvation doesn’t come through good works--dependent on God’s grace o People could only become full members (could take communion) of the church when they could testify about god’s grace & human sin Enter church through self-examination—look inside oneself for god’s grace, then publically announce Puritan Beliefs/Practices 1. Influence of John Calvin: - God's sovereignty, Original Sin, Predestination/Election 2. Saints and "strangers" covenant communities 3. Theocracy, patriarchy, surveillance, punishment -drove heretics out (Hutchinson, Williams) 4. Providence and Judgment: signs and symbols 5. Banished Heretics, Persecuted Quakers “A Model of Christian Charity” John Winthrop: (1588-1649) born in England. Wished to reform nat’l church from w/in (not a separatist).
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