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KARTILYA NG KATIPUNAN By Emilio Jacinto In Readings in Philippine History
Kartilya ng Katipunan About theText: •According to Jim Richardson, “Kartilya is the bestknown of all Katipunan texts”“…the only document of any length set in print bythe Katipunan prior to August 1896 that is knownto be still extant” •Kartilya was printed as a small pamphlet for newmembers. (Cristobal 1997) •Jim Richardson released a book entitled “TheLight of Liberty”, allowing us to dig deeper withthe primary source stated in his book. We cannow read Jacinto’s Kartilya with other Katipunantexts, transcribed from difficult tagalog, freeingus, too, from deciphering the codes, as in thecase of documents written in ciphers,penmanship common in that era.The Light ofLiberty “ presents 73 Katipunan documents—56of which have not yet been published in bookform, 52 of which come from the Archivo GeneralMilitar de Madrid (AGMM). In other words,documents that the Spanish colonial regimeconfiscated from the revolutionaries and thenmanaged to keep. The AGMM documents areparticularly important for one more reason: Noneof them were used in the writing of the mainbooks on the Katipunan that generations of Filipinos have grown up on, such asTeodoro Agoncillo’s “Revolt of the Masses.” Background of the Author: Name:Emilio Jacinto Historian accolade:“The Brain of Katipunan”Born: December 15, 1875 Died:April 16, 1898
“Whether their skin be dark or white, all human persons are equal; one may be superiorin knowledge, in wealth, in beauty, but not being a human. “- Emilio Jacinto. Kartilya ngKatipunan Emilio Jacinto was an eloquent and brave young man, known as both the souland the brain of the Katipunan. In his short life, Jacinto helped to lead the fight for Filipino independence from Spain. Early life:We do know that EmilioJacinto was born in Manila on December15, 1875, and he is a son of prominentmerchant. As stated by MO1 (2011) in ablogsite mandirigma.com, Emilio receive agood education, and was fluent in bothTagalog and Spanish. He went to the SanJuan de Letran College briefly. Deciding tostudy Law, He transferred to the Universityof Santo Tomas, where a future presidentof the Philippines was among hisclassmate that is Manuel L. Quezon.Jacinto was just 19 years old when news arrived that the Spanish had arrested his hero, Jose Rizal.Galvanized, the young man left school and joined with Andres Bonifacio and others toform the Katipunan, or “Highest and most respected society of the executed Rizal ontrumped-up charges in December of 1896, The Katipunan rallied its followers to war. Revolution: Emilio Jacinto served asthe spokesperson for the Katipunan, aswell as handling its finances. Andres Bonifacio was notwell educated, so he deferred to hisyoung comrade on such matters. Jacintowrote for the official Katipunannewspaper, the Kalayaan. He alsopenned the official handbook of themovement, called the Kartilya ng Katipunan. Despite his young age of just 21, Jacinto became a general in the group’sguerrilla army, taking an active role in the fight against the Spanish near Manila.