Report 3 - In April 1994, the pilots of two United States...

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In April 1994, the pilots of two United States Air Force F-15 fighter aircraft misidentified two United States Army UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters as hostile Iraqi Mil Mi-24 "Hind" helicopters. The F-15 pilots shot down both helicopters, killing 26 military service members and civilians from the United States, France, United Kingdom, Turkey, and from the Kurdish community. The incident occurred during the Operation Provide Comfort (OPC) held by the United States and some of its Gulf War allies, having for goal to defend Kurds running away from their homes in northern Iraq and to provide them humanitarian aid. Investigations showed that human but also system failures were at the origin of the disaster. First, the F-15 pilots were blamed for having misidentified the helicopters. Second, the crew members of the airborne warning and control system (AWACS) were faulted for not having exercised appropriate control and for not intervening in the situation. Third, leaders of the United States Air Force failed to integrate U.S. Army operations into overall Task Force. Furthermore, the identification friend systems failed to identify the Black Hawk helicopters to the F-15 pilots. With the help of the article written by Karl E. Weick, the paper will try to demonstrate how
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2011 for the course SBE 204 taught by Professor Furneaux during the Spring '11 term at Maastricht.

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Report 3 - In April 1994, the pilots of two United States...

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