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Segment 1B Yates Ch. 1 - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction not be "used for any purposes other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
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SECOND EDITION Fully revised and updated including new information on immigrant workers, the Employee Free Choice Act, and more!
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chapter one WHY UNIONS? Let's be honest. Almost every person who works for a living works for someone else. We work in all sorts of jobs, in all types of industries, and under all kinds of conditions. But no matter what the circum- stances, we do not work for ourselves or for each other, which means that the most fundamental aspects of our work are not controlled by us. Furthermore, our employers try to organize their workplaces so that we cannot exert much control by our own actions. For example, each of us needs to work; we do not labor for the fun of it, but to pay our bills and support our families. Yet none of us can guarantee that we will have work on any given day, let alone for an entire working life. If our employer decides to shut down the business, move it, or intro- duce labor-saving machinery, none of us, acting alone, can do any- thing about it. I was a college teacher, and I worked for the same school for thir- ty-two years. By most accounts I was a good teacher; I once won an award for my teaching. Most people would say that my job required a lot of skill; I certainly had to be a student for a long time to qualify to do it. Suppose that I had believed that I was being paid too little for my work. I go to my supervisor, and I tell him this. He is sympathetic and says that he will see what he can do. Weeks go by and nothing happens, so I go back to his office. He tells me that he would like to give me more money, but the budget for the school is tight and there is noth- ing he can do now. If, at this point, I tell him that I cannot work for the
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32 WHY UNIONS MATTER money I am being paid and that I will have to seek other employment at the end of the school year, what do you suppose he will say? Will my threat to leave get me more money? I doubt it. He will know that if I do leave, the college will do one of two things. It may place advertise- ments for my replacement, and at least one hundred applicants will seek my job. They will all work for less than my salary, and the college will be under no obligation to grant them the type of job security that I now have. Or, the college will not replace me and simply eliminate my classes, assigning them to the remaining teachers or hiring part- timers to teach some of them. In other words, I am replaceable, and nothing I can do myself can change this. When push comes to shove,
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