lec1 - MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Air Traffic Control Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Air Traffic Control Overview Prof. R. John Hansman MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics US Capacity Issue Prior to 9/11 the US Air Transportation system is approaching a critical saturation threshold where nominal interruptions (e.g. weather) resulted in a nonlinear amplification of delay US and Regional Economies highly dependant on Air Transportation Business travel (stimulated by info technology) Air Freight Personal travel System is highly complex and interdependent Need better understanding of system dynamics and real constraints to guide and justify efforts to upgrade NAS Current efforts will not provide capacity to meet demand which will re-emerge when the economy cycles up Impact of upcoming capacity crisis is not well understood Operational Impact Economic Impact Similar Issues in Europe Different Issues in Emerging Regions (eg China, India) MIT ICAT MIT ICAT MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Passenger Traffic by Region Scheduled Revenue Passenger-Kilometers by Region 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 RPK (billion) North America Europe Asia and Pacific Latin America & Caribbean Middle East Africa Source: ICAO, scheduled services of commercial air carriers MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Trends in Aircraft Size Average seats per departure 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source: DOT Form 41 data (including Regional Jets and Turboprops) MIT ICAT MIT ICAT US Flight US Delays Flight Delays from 1995 to from 2006 1995 to 2006 Data source: FAA Operational Network (OPSNET) MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Flight Cancellations Cancellations Thousands 250 200 150 100 50 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: BTS, Airline On Time Performance data MIT ICAT MIT ICAT US Flight US Delays Flight Delays from 2000 to from 2006 2000 to 2006 Source: FAA OPSNET data MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Delays at Chicago OHare Pressure for Demand Managment ORD: Total Delays 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 Total Delays 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Month Source: FAA OPSNET data MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 1 9 8 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 8 2 2 2 2 2 4 Consumer complaints 5 10 15 20 25 Complaints to the DOT (000) Southwest USAirways United TWA Northwest America West Delta Continental Alaska American Note: Year 2005 consumer complaints is an extrapolation using data from Jan-Mar 2005 Data source: DOT Aviation Consumer Protection Division, available at: http://airconsumer.ost.dot.gov/ MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Air Traffic Control Functions Aircraft Separation Assurance Traffic Congestion Management Flight Information Search and Rescue Example of a Command, Control and Information System MIT ICAT MIT ICAT COMPONENTS OF AIR TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE Airports Runways Terminals Ground transport interface...
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lec1 - MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Air Traffic Control Overview...

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