lec8 - MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Oceanic and International...

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Unformatted text preview: MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Oceanic and International ATC Prof. R. John Hansman with help from Philippe Bonnefoy, Jonathan Histon, Hayley Davison, Laura Major, Tom Reynolds and others MIT International Center for Air Transportation MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Oceanic Attributes y International ¡ ICAO Oversight y Low CNS Performance y Generally Low Density y Limited Diversion Opportunities y Limited Weather Observations MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Gander FIR New York FIR Santa Maria FIR Piarco FIR Sondrestrom FIR Shanwick FIR B o d o F I R Reykjavik FIR Adapted from “Implementation Plan for Oceanic Airspace Enhancements and Separation Reductions”, FAA, 1998 ATLANTIC OCEANIC FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIR’S) MIT ICAT MIT ICAT MUCH OF ATLANTIC AIRSPACE OUT OF RANGE OF VHF & RADAR MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Taiwan 33% 1% Initial Deployment Areas Major Traffic Flow s Tahiti ealand 1% Australia Nauru Hong Kong Guam Singapore Phillipines Indonesia Papua New Guinea Malaysia 11% 1% 6% Hawaii Solomon Islands United States 11% 33% New Z 3% Fiji Japan PACIFIC OCEANIC FLIGHT INFORMATION REGIONS (FIR’S) FANS Data Link Deployment Areas in Grey MIT ICAT MIT ICAT ATLANTIC OCEANIC AREA CONTROL CENTERS (OACCs) GANDER SHANWICK SANTA MARIA NEW YORK REYKJAVIK MIT ICAT MIT ICAT NORTH ATLANTIC TRACKS E 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 D 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 C 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 6 3 6 3 7 3 8 3 9 F F 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 5 3 7 3 8 3 9 D 3 7 3 8 3 9 E B 310 320 330 340 A 3 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 350 360 390 A G 3 2 3 4 3 6 G W 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 W Y 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 Y Z 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 Z 350 360 370 3 8 3 9 B 3 7 3 8 3 9 C X 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 X MIT ICAT MIT ICAT POSITION REPORT TO OACC EVERY 10° VIA HF RADIO 4 ° W 5 ° W 2 ° W 3 ° W Ground controller receives position update from each aircraft about once per hour HF radio link MIT ICAT MIT ICAT PROPOSED FUTURE OCEANIC: STATUS REPORTING TO OACC EVERY FEW MINUTES VIA SATCOM DATALINK Ground controller receives position update from each aircraft about once per hour 4 ° W 5 ° W 2 ° W 3 ° W Communications satellite MIT ICAT MIT ICAT GANDER SANTA MARIA Overview of Facilities NEW YORK ATCC SHANWICK ATCC REYKJAVIK ATCC MIT ICAT MIT ICAT ZNY Airspace NAT OTS Puerto Rico EUR-CAR E U R- N A M WATRS WATRS NAT NAT (North Atlantic Traffic): y Organized Track System (OTS) y Iberian Peninsula to Caribbean/South America y Random routes between Europe and North America WATRS (West Atlantic Route System): y Complex web of crossing fixed routes y Heaviest major traffic flow - US east coast to Puerto Rico Adapted from “Strategic Plan for Oceanic Airspace Enhancements and Separation Reductions”, FAA, 2000 MIT ICAT MIT ICAT Miami Oceanic NAT MNPS San Juan Oceanic New York Oceanic • Airspace being considered for oceanic lateral separation reduction • Intended to show general location of WATRS Plus airspace • Full WATRS coordinates posted at www.faa.gov/ats/ato/watrs.htm WATRS Plus Airspace MIT...
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2011 for the course AERO 16.72 taught by Professor Hansman during the Fall '06 term at MIT.

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lec8 - MIT ICAT MIT ICAT 16.72 Oceanic and International...

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