The Sexual Response Cycle - Running Head: THE SEXUAL...

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Running Head: THE SEXUAL RESPONSE CYCLE 1 The Sexual Response Cycle Samantha Woodruff PSY/210 February 21, 2010 Tameca Jackson Most People focus on the sexual differences of men and women, rather than the similarities. It seems that we were programmed to only notice the opposites. However, the truth is that both men and women have a lot of commonalities in the sexual cycle. Understanding these similarities and differences may help partners better understand one another’s bodies and responses, and enhance the sexual experience. Masters and Johnson (1966) created the “sexual response cycle”, which is their version of sexual response, and includes four stages. The four stages which they composed are: excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Each stage is also broken up into to sub-characters. These characteristics are: vasocongestion and myotonia. These words may sound unfamiliar, but are both very normal things. Vasocongestion is the engorgement of blood vessels with blood, which swells the genitals and breasts during sexual arousal. Myotonia is simply muscle tension.
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The Sexual Response Cycle 2 The first phase of the sexual response cycle is the excitement phase. This can be brought on by almost anything, such as, a memory, a photograph, imagination, kissing, touching and lots more. During the excitement phase, both male and female experience genital tissue vasocongestion, myotonia (including nipple erection), and increased blood pressure and heart rate. In males, within the first three to eight seconds following stimulation, vasocongestion causes erection, elevation of testes, and tension and thickening of scrotum skin. In the female, the excitement phase may begin within the first 10 to 30 seconds following sexual stimulation, vasocongestion causes enlargement of vaginal tissue (including the area around the entrance to
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The Sexual Response Cycle - Running Head: THE SEXUAL...

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