8 July 2010 class

8 July 2010 class - 8July2010Lecture 21:38...

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8 July 2010 Lecture 21:38 Lowenthal, Adorno, Horkheimer, Frifth The Frankfurt School School of neo-Marxist critical theory, social research and philosophy Emerged in 1930 at Institute of Social Research at the University of Frankfurt Rejected the idea Popular culture was only a reflection of economic base Influenced by failures of working class Influenced by Freud Believed that the school and the critical writings it produced were a means of liberating  people from oppression Elitist? Conspiracy (driven) theory? Max Horkheimer, 1895-1973 Born in Stuttgard to an assimilated Jewish family Due to parental pressure, he did not initially pursue an academic career, leaving  secondary school at the age of sixteen to work at his father’s factory However after WWI enrolled in Munich University studying philosophy and psychology 1930: director of the Institute for Social Research and chair of social philosophy at  Frankfurt University 1933: accreditation revoked by Nazi government, school closed
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1934: Emigrated to USA 1940: became us citizen 1949: returned to Germany; institute reopened  1952-1953: Recotr of University of Frankfurt 1954-1959: University of Chicago Theodore Adorno, 1903-1969 Theodore Wisengrund, born in Frankfurt to a Jewish wine merchant and Catholic singer 1934: fleeing Nazis, emigrated to London with hopes of being appointed at Oxford 1938: Emigrated to NY and worked for Institute for Social Research and was musical  director of Lazarsfeld’s “Radio Project” Methodological disagreements with Lazarsfeld; though the audience surveys grossly  simplified and ignore the degree to which expressed tastes were the result of  commercial marketing  1941: During WWII he moved with Horkheimer to La and was co-director of the research  institute at _____ Dialect of Enlightenment, 1947 Circulated privately before being published in 1947 It’s challenging reading—why? Odd Composition (originally called  Philosophical Fragments ) Cross-Cultural Issues (complex understanding of European intellectual history) “Dream Notes” Dialectic of Enlightenment, 1947
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*Central question: how did the original goal of human emancipation via Enlightenment  became a disaster? Goal of rational thought led to irrational thought Movement was an ultimate failure Dialectic=unresolved philosophical tension (Hegel, Marx, and Weber); compelling idea  in the world of conflict theorists Marx refers to a dialect call materialism Dialectic unresolved philosophical tension Critique of late capitalism “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception” What is the Culture industry? The culture industry=the industrialization of the production of media
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2011 for the course COMM 123 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UPenn.

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8 July 2010 class - 8July2010Lecture 21:38...

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