Lecture 15 -- Stress and Health

Lecture 15 -- Stress and Health - Stress and Health A...

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Unformatted text preview: Stress and Health A simple model Stress Depression Some Limitations of Previous Research General problems It is difficult to measure stress It is difficult to disentangle stress from coping Most research is observational, as experiments are difficult to execute and natural experiments (e.g., plant closings) have limitations Two main problems 1. Accuracy in Reporting Life Events Accuracy of self-reports of life events is related to depression Depression can cause negative events, and which came first is difficult to establish in cross- sectional data Dependent events (e.g., getting fired) have a stronger relationship with depression than independent events (e.g., plant closing) Experimental induction of depressed mood can lead to a significant increase in reports of past stressful events 2. Interpreting Causal Effects Studies control for confounding variables and, in this light, interpret an effect of stress on depression But the effect could reflect an unobserved confounding variable And confounding variables could moderate the effect of an event on depression Stress Confounders and Modifiers Depression How to Measure Stress: Checklists Social Readjustment Rating Scale (Holmes and Rahe) 43 stressful experiences generated on the...
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Lecture 15 -- Stress and Health - Stress and Health A...

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