Lecture 16 -- Coping

Lecture 16 -- Coping - – Differential vulnerability...

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Stress and Coping
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Some Terms Different terms for coping: stress- modifying effects, stress-buffering effects, contingencies, moderators, modifiers Coping resources: potential resources Coping strategies: actual behaviors used to cope Different terms for stress: stress, stressors, strain, life events
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Element of a Coping Model Types of Resources Social resources: relationships Psychological resources: states Specific coping resources: behaviors Types of Responses Change the situation Change the meaning of a stressor Control stress itself after it has emerged Coping effectiveness
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Differential Exposure vs. Differential Vulnerability Socioeconomic resources may affect depression through Differential exposure Differential vulnerability (coping) The following tables show: Differential exposure for many events
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Unformatted text preview: – Differential vulnerability across different types of events (so it’s not simply an economic thing) Differential Exposure Differential Vulnerability Major Results of the Coping Literature • Coping resources that matter – Mastery and personal control • Problem and emotion-focused coping – Most people use both – Although scholars expect problem-focuses coping to matter more, the literature is mixed – No one strategy is efficacious across all situations Invisible Social Support • Perceived support availability – Reduces depression • Enacted support – Increases depression or has no effect • Terms – Support provision: providing support – Support receipt: registering that support • Invisible support is the best – From a daily diary study of couples...
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