1 Explain what an account is and how it helps in the recording process.An account is a record of increases and decreases in specific asset, liability, or stockholders' equity item.2 Define debits and credits and explain how they are used to record business transactions.The terms debit and credit are synonymous with left and right. Assets, dividends, and expenses are increased by debits and decreased by credits. Liabilities, common stock, retained earnings, and revenues are increased by credits and decreased by debits.3 Identify the basic steps in the recording process.The basic steps in the recording process are: (a) analyze each transaction for its effects on the accounts, (b) enter the transaction information in a journal, (c) transfer the journal information to the appropriate accounts in the ledger.4 Explain what a journal is and how it helps in the recording process.The initial accounting record of a transaction is entered in a journal before the data are entered in the accounts. A journal (a) discloses in one
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