Chapter2Terms - Journal An accounting record in which...

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Account A record of increases and decreases in specific asset, liability, or stockholders' equity items. Chart of accounts A list of accounts and the account numbers that identify their location in the ledger. Common stock Issued in exchange for the owners' investment paid in to the corporation. Compound entry A journal entry that involves three or more accounts. Credit The right side of an account. Debit The left side of an account. Dividend A distribution by a corporation to its stockholders on a pro rata (equal) basis. Double-entry system A system that records in appropriate accounts the dual effect of each transaction. General journal The most basic form of journal. General ledger A ledger that contains all asset, liability, and stockholders' equity accounts.
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Unformatted text preview: Journal An accounting record in which transactions are initially recorded in chronological order. Journalizing The entering of transaction data in the journal. Ledger The entire group of accounts maintained by a company. Normal balance An account balance on the side where an increase in the account is recorded. Posting The transfer of journal entries to the ledger accounts. Retained earnings Net income that is kept (retained) in the business. Simple entry A journal entry that involves only two accounts. T account The basic form of an account. Three-column form of account A form with columns for debit, credit, and balance amounts in an account. Trial balance A list of accounts and their balances at a given time....
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