Chapter5StudyObjectives - Each of the required steps in the...

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1   Identify the differences between service and merchandising companies. Because of inventory, a merchandising company has sales revenue, cost of goods sold, and gross profit. To account for inventory, a merchandising company must choose between a perpetual and a periodic inventory system. 2   Explain the recording of purchases under a perpetual inventory system. The company debits the Merchandise Inventory account for all purchases of merchandise and freight-in, and credits it for purchase discounts and purchase returns and allowances. 3   Explain the recording of sales revenues under a perpetual inventory system. When a merchandising company sells inventory, it debits Accounts Receivable (or Cash), and credits Sales for the selling price of the merchandise. At the same time, it debits Cost of Goods Sold, and credits Merchandise Inventory for the cost of the inventory items sold. 4   Explain the steps in the accounting cycle for a merchandising company.
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Unformatted text preview: Each of the required steps in the accounting cycle for a service company applies to a merchandising company. A worksheet is again an optional step. Under a perpetual inventory system, the company must adjust the Merchandise Inventory account to agree with the physical count. 5 Distinguish between a multiple-step and a single-step income statement. A multiple-step income statement shows numerous steps in determining net income, including nonoperating activities sections. A single-step income statement classifies all data under two categories, revenues or expenses, and determines net income in one step. 6 Explain the computation and importance of gross profit. Merchandising companies compute gross profit by subtracting cost of goods sold from net sales. Gross profit represents the merchandising profit of a company. Managers and other interested parties closely watch the amount and trend of gross profit and of the gross profit rate....
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