05Ch05carbs2005

05Ch05carbs2005 - 2005-2006AP BiologyChapter...

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Unformatted text preview: 2005-2006AP BiologyChapter 5.Macromolecules2005-2006AP BiologyMacromoleculesSmaller organic molecules join together to form larger moleculesmacromolecules4 major classes of macromolecules:carbohydrateslipidsproteinsnucleic acids2005-2006AP BiologyPolymersLong molecules built by linking chain of repeating smaller units polymers monomers = repeated small units covalent bonds2005-2006AP BiologyHow to build a polymerCondensation reaction dehydration synthesisjoins monomers by taking H2O out1 monomer provides OHthe other monomer provides H together these form H2Orequires energy & enzymes2005-2006AP BiologyHow to break down a polymerHydrolysisuse H2Oto break apart monomers reverse of condensation reactionH2O is split into H and OHH & OH group attach where the covalent bond used to beex: digestion is hydrolysis2005-2006AP BiologyCarbohydrates2005-2006AP BiologySo whats all this talk about carbs?...
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2011 for the course BIOL 1 taught by Professor B during the Spring '11 term at Texas Tech.

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05Ch05carbs2005 - 2005-2006AP BiologyChapter...

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