OnCourse+Version+Pastoralism_etc..docANTH

OnCourse+Version+Pastoralism_etc..docANTH - Characteristics...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Characteristics of Horticultural Societies 1. Horticulturalists are sedentary. 2. The family is a very important social group because it is the basic unit of production. 3. The descent group is also important. The descent group is a group of people who believe they are descended from a common ancestor. Membership in a descent group gives rights to use land. There is no concept of private property. 4. Division of Labor: Men always clear the land and burn the foliage and then either men, women or both do the cultivation. 5. Horticulture is an extensive subsistence strategy that involves knowledge of domesticated plants, garden rotation (fallow) and slash/burn techniques. It is usually combined with another subsistence strategy such as foraging or herding. 6. Horticultural societies are less egalitarian than foraging and more egalitarian than pastoral societies. People with more land have more status. 7. There is still emphasis on sharing and generalized reciprocity but also the development of balanced reciprocity . Surplus resources lay the basis for trade
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
and exchange with other groups. 8.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

OnCourse+Version+Pastoralism_etc..docANTH - Characteristics...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online