CommaUsage - IUPUI University Writing Center Because...

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IUPUI University Writing Center “Because writers need readers” Cavanaugh 427 274-2049 COMMA USAGE—A Few Basic Guidelines Commas belong in places where they help join words or groups of words as in # 1 and # 3 below. They also belong where they separate introductory or parenthetical elements, as in # 2 and # 4 below. 1. Place a comma before a coordinating conjunction joining two independent clauses. (definitions: coordinating conjunction is and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet ; independent clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a sentence) Examples: My teacher said to use parallel structure , but I didn’t understand. I studied hard for my exam , so I expect to get a good grade. I did well in high school English , and my parents expect me to succeed in college. 2. Place a comma after groups of words that introduce the main part of the sentence. Examples: Although Jo studied the chapter on punctuation, she was still confused about commas. (subordinate clause) Pacing up and down the corridor , I waited impatiently for my exam to be graded. (participial phrase) With a fresh supply of paper and a pen, Bill sat down to write his final examination. (prepositional phrase) 3. In a series of three or more terms with a conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last. Although some sources say to omit the comma before
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CommaUsage - IUPUI University Writing Center Because...

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