References that may be helpful are on in the class folder.
Culling the Commercial Cow Herd (J. Massey.
overview and very applied).
Body Condition Scoring Cows (a Powerpoint slide lecture not presented in class but given here
as a study aid)
Gelbvieh Udder Scoring
Ultrasound for Reproduction Management (BCH 2400)
Using Ultrasound for Pregnancy Checking (Limousin World, 1996)
Some serious spelling issues:
Udder, can’t, dystocia, bred,. and teat (do not state “tit”),separate, calf, calve.
Also – it is feed,
not food, and not all bovines are referenced as cows, some are calves, steers, fed cattle, market cattle and
Name some reasons why a cow is culled from the herd (say at least 5).
Which are more prevalent?
5 points total
Some example answers could include:
Age, feet and let problems, cancer eye, poor udder structure, low weaning weights of calves, bred
late in season, failure to breed, disposition, etc. etc.
Most prevalent is failure to breed
DO NOT answer:
died – not a conscience decision to cull (nor is accidents, etc).
Illness is too vague
as all problems can be considered disease (at least by AnS 101 definition).
decisions is also too vague;
they are all management decisions.