Business Ethics - Exam One

Business Ethics - Exam One - 1 Business Ethics J.D. Singer...

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Business Ethics J.D. Singer Due in class Wednesday, October 5 Name: Bhupinder Singh Exam One (Critical Thinking, Relativism, Psychological Egoism) *This exam will be worth 20% of your grade (so, it will be graded out of 20 total points) *Please be sure to read all of the questions carefully. Make sure that you answer EVERYTHING that the question asks (some of the questions have multiple parts). * Make sure that you answer only the number of questions in each section that are required. *Please note that these questions are NOT essay questions , so no flowery introductions and no formal conclusions, and there are no length standards: just leap right into the question, and write as much as necessary to answer it adequately. *On this test, you are allowed (but not required) to quote from the text, but if you do so you must cite the page, and you must make sure that you articulate what the quote means in your own words . If you fail to do this, you will lose credit. It goes without saying that you are to use nothing but the readings and your notes to answer these questions. *Please type your answers underneath each question. Do not forget to type your name in the space provided at the top. You must print and staple your exam and hand it in on the day that it’s due. DO NOT email them to me. And I will not accept them late. Part I: ANSWER ALL 1.) What is reasoning? What is the structure of an argument? Why is reasoning important? (1 point) Reasoning is the cognitive process of establishing a certain claim as true on the basis of evidence or premises. The structure of an argument is premises and conclusions. Reasoning is important because it guides our emotions. It is also important because without reasoning arguments will not be necessarily valid. 1
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Consider the following argument: P1 – All leprechauns are wealthy P2 – “Lucky” (the “Lucky Charms” mascot) is a leprechaun Conclusion: “Luck” is wealthy Is this argument deductive or inductive ? (Just indicate the right one). (1/2 point) Deductive 3.) Consider the following argument: P1 – If J.D. is a philosopher, then J.D. is neurotic P2 – If J.D. is neurotic, then J.D. has poor social skills Conclusion: If J.D. is a philosopher, then J.D. has poor social skills. Is this argument VALID ? (Just say “yes” or “no”). (1/2 point) Yes 4.) Consider the following argument: P1 – All philosophers are deep thinkers P2 – All deep thinkers are irresistibly charming P3 – “Snooki” a philosopher P4 – Since “Snooki” is a philosopher, “Snooki” is a deep thinker (from premises 1, 3) Conclusion: “Snooki” is irresistibly charming (from premises 1, 2, 4) Is this argument SOUND? Why or why not? (1/2 point) Yes because all the premises are true and it is valid 5.) Consider the claim: “All DePaul students are hard workers.” Assume that this claim is true. Here, being a DePaul student is a ___sufficient_______________ condition for being a hard worker. (1/2 point) 6.) Consider the following claim: “If X majors in philosophy, then X must be smart.” Assume that this claim is true. Here, being smart is a
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Business Ethics - Exam One - 1 Business Ethics J.D. Singer...

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