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Psych 304 Study Guide 1

Psych 304 Study Guide 1 - PSYCHOLOGY 304 EXAM I STUDY GUIDE...

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PSYCHOLOGY 304 – EXAM I STUDY GUIDE The test will have 75 total questions. All items will be worth 2 points for a total of 150 points possible. The questions are equally distributed throughout the chapters, with the exception of Chapter 1, which has a few less questions (but I would definitely still study the material from Chapter 1). CHAPTER 01 1. Define test and item Test- a measurement device or technique used to quantify behavior or understand/predict behavior. Item- specific questions or problems that make up a test or specific stimulus to respond to. 2. Be able to define, recognize, and differentiate between states and traits Traits- enduring characteristics (dispositions) or tendencies to respond in a certain manner. (Stubbornness, shyness, optimistic) State- the specific condition or status of an individual (a temporary feeling in a weakened state) 3. Define achievement, aptitude, and intelligence testing. Achievement- previous learning Aptitude- potential for learning or acquiring a skill Intelligence- general potential to solve problems, adapt to changing circumstances, think abstractly, and profit from experience. 4. If a test is reliable its results are what? Consistent or repeatable. 5. What are test batteries? Two or more tests used in conjunction 6. Define standardization? Why is it important to obtain a standardization sample? Standardization- precisely the same instructions and format for everyone. It is necessary to have a standardization sample to compare an individual’s score with those of similar circumstances and traits. 7. Define representative sample and stratified sample. Know when and why representative and stratified samples are collected. Representative sample- comprises individuals similar to those for whom the test is to be used. Stratified sample- from population subgroups according to proportion of occurrence in population 8. Define hypothetical construct A hypothetical construct is a process that is not directly measurable, but which are inferred to have existence and to give rise to measurable phenomena. 9. Define operational definition, measurable phenomenon, and hypothetical construct Operational definition- defining a way to measure a hypothetical construct, always one degree removed from the actual construct. Just a sample of the measurable phenomena Measurable phenomenon- just the tip of the iceburg 10. What is the difference between structured and projective personality tests? Structured- objective personality tests that are usually self-report and require the subject to choose between two or more alternative responses. Projective- either the stimulus or the required response or both are ambiguous, the individual simply provides a spontaneous response (more subjective) 11. Define psychological testing and psychological assessment. How are they different?
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