FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
The final exam is worth 200 total points. The exam format is 100 multiple choice and True/False questions each
worth two points (2 x 100 = 200 points). The exam is not comprehensive, with the exception of some selected
important items identified at the end of the study guide. IMPORTANT: information from previous exams will
NOT be on the final unless specified in the study guide. Please take the test at any time during the final exam
Compare individual and group tests. What are the advantages of using individual tests? Group tests?
Individual- on subject at a time, examiner records response, scoring requires skill, examiner
flexibility can elicit max performance
Group- many subjects at a time, subjects record own response, scoring is straightforward and
objective, there is little flexibility
What four things should one take in mind when using group tests?
1. use results with caution, 2. Be suspicious of low scores, 3. Consider wide discrepancies as a
warming signal, 4. When in doubt, refer for individual testing
Compare and contrast achievement and aptitude tests. Be able to apply to examples of the two types of tests.
Achievement- evaluate the effects of a known or controlled set of experiences, evaluate a product of a
course of training, rely heavily on content validation procedures
Aptitude- evaluate the effects of unknown, uncontrolled set of experiences, evaluate the potential to
profit from a course of training, rely heavily on predictive criterion validity procedures
What is the Flynn effect?
Intelligence scores have been increasing across generations, achievement is going down, but
intelligence is going up (grade inflation)
What is grade inflation? How does it affect current college admissions procedures?
What are the major weaknesses of the SAT and ACT?
Restricted range reduces predictive values, poor predictive power in middle ranges, SES correlates
What effect do coaching/preparation courses have on tests like the SAT or GRE?
We do not know the true effect of coaching courses on GRE
What are some of the big problems with coaching/preparation courses?
So much error due to the sources that fund the research
High scores are hard to raise
Very expensive and discriminatory
What is stereotype threat? How does it apply to intelligence scores and college admissions?
When a stereotype is activated, people tend to perform in line with the stereotype whether they
believe it or not
10. What is the mean and standard deviation of the GRE? Be able to recognize where scores fall (e.g., know what
a score one standard deviation above the mean would be).
11. How well do SAT and GRE scores predict undergraduate and graduate school performance, respectively.
Very poorly predicts grad school performance