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NT KJV Text-Critical Article

NT KJV Text-Critical Article - A Text-Critical Comparison...

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9/6/11 S TUDIES IN THE B IBLE AND A NTIQUITY 3 (2011): **–**. A Text-Critical Comparison of the King James New Testament with Certain Modern Translations 1 Lincoln Blumell As 2011 marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of the first edition of the King James Version (KJV) it seems especially fitting to devote an article to this remarkable bible that has had such a profound impact on Western Society. 2 The specific subject of the present study is the New Testament (NT) text of the KJV, and more specifically, how the NT text of the KJV differs from certain modern versions. What will follow is not an examination of the translational differences between the KJV and certain modern versions, but rather the text-critical differences between them. Perhaps the best way to clarify exactly what are meant by “text-critical” differences is to provide a brief example from the NT that will be treated in more detail in the body of the article. Mark 7:16 in the KJV reads: “If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.” But if one then goes to one of the many modern English versions of the NT and turns to this same verse they will not see anything except the verse number and a dash: 16 ––. In most modern translations of the NT this verse does not exist. Though some may instinctively conclude that something untoward is going on with whatever translation does not contain Mark 7:16 and assume that this bible version is deliberately hiding or suppressing something, 3 the reason for the omission of this verse in most modern translations is not that sinister. Rather, this verse is frequently omitted in a number of 1 I want to thank the two anonymous reviewers of this article for their candid, yet insightful, feedback. This article has been greatly improved as a result of their comments. I also wish to thank the editors of this journal, Carl Griffin and Brian Hauglid, for their many helpful suggestions with this article. 2 On the impact of the KJV on Western Society, whether it be theological, linguistic, or political, see Robert Alter, Pen of Iron: American Prose and the King James Bible (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010); David Daniel, The Bible in English: Its History and Influence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003), 227–50, 461–98; Alister E. McGrath, In the Beginning: The Story of the King James Bible and How It Changed a Nation, a Language, and a Culture (New York: Doubleday, 2001); Benson Bobrick, Wide as the Waters: The Story of the English Bible and the Revolution it Inspired (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001). 3 This line of reasoning is often followed as a result of 1 Nephi 13:28–29 where Nephi reports that many “plain and precious things” have been deliberately expunged from the Bible. While the Book of Mormon talks about removing text, in some cases the corruption could have certainly included adding material as both addition and removal of text are types of corruption.
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NT KJV Text-Critical Article - A Text-Critical Comparison...

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