01c-3 READ Creation Myths

01c-3 READ Creation Myths - Hamblin, Voices from the Dust 1...

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Unit One: Ancient Creation Accounts Primary Readings Text 1 : Rig Veda , 10.129: “Creation Hymn ( Nasadiya )” [India, Sanskrit, c. 700 BC] (Ralph T. H. Griffith, The Hymns of the Rgveda (1896; reprinted Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1973), 628-9, 633-634.) 1. Then was neither non-existence nor existence: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it. What covered it, and where? and what gave shelter? Was there, an unfathomed depth of water? 2. Death was not then, nor was there anything immortal: no sign was there, the Day's and Night's divider. That One Thing, breathless, breathed by its own nature: apart from it was nothing whatsoever. 3. Darkness there was: at first concealed in darkness this All was indiscriminate chaos. All that existed then was void and formless: by the great power of Warmth was born that One. 4. Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire, the primal seed and germ of Spirit. Sages who searched with their heart's thought discovered the kinship of existence with non-existence. 5. Transversely [across the universe] was their dividing line extended: what was above it then, and what below it? There were begetters, there were mighty forces, free action here and energy up yonder. 6. Who verily knows and who can here declare it, whence it was born and whence comes this creation? The Gods are later than this world's production. Who knows then whence it first came into being? 7. He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it, Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not. Text 2 : Hebrew Creation Myth, Genesis 1:1-2:3 (KJV) [Israel, Hebrew, c. -1200] Read Gen 1.1-2.3 from any translation of the Bible. Hamblin, Voices from the Dust 1 Creation Myths 1
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Text 3 : Enuma Elish : A Babylonian Creation Myth [Mesopotamia, Babylonian, c -600, based on earlier documents] (Alexander Heidel, The Babylonian Genesis , (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951), pp. 18-21, 40-45; (slightly modified)) Tablet 1 When above the heavens had not (yet) been named, (And) below the earth had not (yet) been called by a name; (When) Apsu [the abyss] primeval, their begetter, Mummu [the minister], (and) Tiamat [the Ocean], she who gave birth to them all, (Still) mingled their waters together, 5. And no pasture land had been formed (and) not (even) a reed marsh was to be seen; When none of the (other) gods had been brought into being, (When) they had not (yet) been called by (their) name(s, and their) destinies had not (yet) been fixed, (At that time) were the gods created within them. . . . 14. Yea, Anu, his first-born, equaled Anshar. And Anu begot Nudimmud, his likeness. Nudimmud, the master of his fathers was he; He was broad of understanding, wise, mighty in strength, Much stronger than his grandfather, Anshar; He had no rival among the gods his brothers. 20.
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01c-3 READ Creation Myths - Hamblin, Voices from the Dust 1...

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