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Unformatted text preview: The Neolithic Age and The Rise of Civilization What is Civilization? Permanent Settlements Humans with cities Civitas = Latin for city Population of 5000+ Major portion of population in non-food producing occupations Shared culture/language/religion Devotees of Temple system Origins of Civilization Reductionistic model Probably no region went through exactly this process Technological Periodization Based on materials used for tools Stone Ages Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic (7000-4000/3000 BC) Chalcolithic (4000-3000 BC) Bronze Age (3000-1200 BC) Iron Age (1200 BC +) Human Social Organization Hunter/Gatherer Nomad domestication of animals = herding seasonal migration for pasture Semi-Nomad mixed farming and herding Agriculturalist = Sedentarists domestication of plants = farming Urban farming with surpluses to cities Neolithic New Stone Age, 7000-3000 BC specialized stone tools complex burial practices...
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Fall '08 term at BYU.
- Fall '08