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4a-2 writing - ❖ silk ❖ paper Impact of Writing ❖...

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Writing and the Four Great Intellectual Revolutions Four Intellectual Revolutions writing {3000 BCE} = Egypt and Mesoptamia alphabet {1200 BCE} = Canaanites/Phoenicians printing {850/1453} = China, Germany computer {1960s} = USA 1- Writing Sumer, 3200 BC Egypt, 3200 BC China, 2200 BC Mesoamerica, 1000 BC
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Types of Writing Pictoglyphs Hieroglyphs Mixture of ideas, syllables and sounds All earliest forms of writing Pictoglyphs (Timna, Israel) Egyptian Hieroglyphs (Rameses II, Bet Shean)
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2- Alphabet Alphabet (Phoenicia) one symbol for each consonant all alphabets derive from the Phoenician original the “alphabet effect” Proto-Sinaitic script Ugaritic Cuneiform Alphabet
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Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet Writing materials durable stone clay metal Perishable Writing materials leaves bark wood wax papyrus
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Perishable Writing materials cloth parchment (animal skin)
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Unformatted text preview: ❖ silk ❖ paper Impact of Writing ❖ sophisticated economy ❖ efficiency of government ❖ spread of learning and knowledge ❖ preservation of ideas through space and time Impact of Writing ❖ creation of cultural tradition ✦ religion ✦ history ✦ literature Preservation of Writing ❖ written on durable material ❖ stored in special circumstances ✦ intentional: Tombs, jars, boxes, buried ✦ unintentional: dry climate Preservation of Writing preserved in multiple copies • religion • great literature (St. Catherine’s Library, Sinai) 3- Printing Gutenberg Bible {1453 CE}; Diamond Sutra {868 CE} 4- Computer Revolution ❖ Infinite transmission of all information through time and space ❖ No cost ❖ Problem of too much information vs. not enough ✦ evaluation of information...
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  • Fall '08
  • Sabey
  • Writing system, Hebrew alphabet, Phoenician alphabet, Ugaritic cuneiform alphabet, Perishable Writing materials

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