4a-2 writing

4a-2 writing - silk paper Impact of Writing sophisticated...

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Writing and the Four Great Intellectual Revolutions Four Intellectual Revolutions writing {3000 BCE} = Egypt and Mesoptamia alphabet {1200 BCE} = Canaanites/Phoenicians printing {850/1453} = China, Germany computer {1960s} = USA 1- Writing Sumer, 3200 BC Egypt, 3200 BC China, 2200 BC Mesoamerica, 1000 BC
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Types of Writing Pictoglyphs Hieroglyphs Mixture of ideas, syllables and sounds All earliest forms of writing Pictoglyphs (Timna, Israel) Egyptian Hieroglyphs (Rameses II, Bet Shean)
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2- Alphabet Alphabet (Phoenicia) one symbol for each consonant all alphabets derive from the Phoenician original the “alphabet effect” Proto-Sinaitic script Ugaritic Cuneiform Alphabet
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Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet Writing materials durable stone clay metal Perishable Writing materials leaves bark wood wax papyrus
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Perishable Writing materials cloth parchment (animal skin)
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Unformatted text preview: silk paper Impact of Writing sophisticated economy efficiency of government spread of learning and knowledge preservation of ideas through space and time Impact of Writing creation of cultural tradition religion history literature Preservation of Writing written on durable material stored in special circumstances intentional: Tombs, jars, boxes, buried unintentional: dry climate Preservation of Writing preserved in multiple copies religion great literature (St. Catherines Library, Sinai) 3- Printing Gutenberg Bible {1453 CE}; Diamond Sutra {868 CE} 4- Computer Revolution Infinite transmission of all information through time and space No cost Problem of too much information vs. not enough evaluation of information...
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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4a-2 writing - silk paper Impact of Writing sophisticated...

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