05a-2 Prophecy

05a-2 Prophecy - Israelite Prophecy Types of Biblical...

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Israelite Prophecy Types of Biblical Prophets Seer ( hRa ør r ō ’eh ) = see-er = one who sees (1 Sam 9:9) “Ecstatic” prophets: Saul at 1 Sam 10:10-12 ecstasy = e ¶kstasiß ( ekstasis ) = “stand outside” Organized groups of Prophets = “Sons of Prophets” = My Iay Ib …n Ah y En V ;b = b ē nê ha-n ĕ bî’îm (1 Kg 20.35; 2 Kg 2, 4.1,38, 5.22, 6.1) Court and Cultic Prophets Become Corrupted tell the king what he wants to hear Micaiah and the court prophets (1 Kg 22.13-28)
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Classical Prophets Independent Prophets Elijah = opposed to court and temple elites Oral prophecy Literary Prophets = transmit prophecies in writing vs. pronounced in court of in public discourse False Prophets Dt. 13:1-5, 18:20-22; Mt. 7:15 Prophets of False Gods Prophets who Lie Jer. 23:25-26, 27:16; Ezek. 13:9 Non-Israelite True Prophets Balaam (Num 24.4-5; CS 2:140-5 “Deir ‘Alla” inscription) Pharaoh Necho (2 Chr 35:20-22) But Dt 18.10-11 condemns Canaanite divination practices
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Prophetesses Miriam (Ex. 15:20) Deborah (Jed. 4:4)
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