06a-1 Assyria

06a-1 Assyria - Assyrian Empire Background on Assyria ❖...

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Unformatted text preview: Assyrian Empire Background on Assyria ❖ Northeast Mesopotamia ✦ Upper Tigris valley ❖ Semitic people with close cultural and linguistc ties to Babylonia ❖ Ancient country from before 2000 BC ❖ various periods of regional power ✦ Old and Middle Assyrian periods Assyrian Homeland Assyrian Empire {934/744-612} ❖ Phase I {934-884 } ✦ Establishment of Assyria as region power ❖ Phase II {883-824} ✦ First Period of Expansion into Syria, Mesopotamia and Babylon ❖ Phase III {824-744} ✦ The “Interval”: Civil War and Weakness; lost of most conquered provinces ❖ Phase IV {744-612}, The Empire ✦ Assyria conquers the entire Near East Assyrian Empire 859 BCE Assyrian Army ❖ Creation of powerful army ❖ long history of raids by outside enemies ❖ militarization ❖ professional heavy infantry ❖ heavy mounted archers ✦ doubles capacity of chariot ❖ siegecraft ❖ Inspire terror in all enemies ❖ religious ideology of conquest (A šš ur) Assyrian Culture ❖ Adaptation of Mesopotamian Culture ✦ emergence of unified Mesopotamian culture within framework of political disunity ❖ Tyranny with high Culture ✦ the great splendor of Nineveh Assyrian Art and Architecture ❖ Highest culture of the day ❖...
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2011 for the course HIST 201 taught by Professor Sabey during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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06a-1 Assyria - Assyrian Empire Background on Assyria ❖...

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