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06a-1 Assyria - Assyrian Empire Background on Assyria...

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Assyrian Empire Background on Assyria Northeast Mesopotamia Upper Tigris valley Semitic people with close cultural and linguistc ties to Babylonia Ancient country from before 2000 BC various periods of regional power Old and Middle Assyrian periods Assyrian Homeland
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Assyrian Empire {934/744-612} Phase I {934-884 } Establishment of Assyria as region power Phase II {883-824} First Period of Expansion into Syria, Mesopotamia and Babylon Phase III {824-744} The “Interval”: Civil War and Weakness; lost of most conquered provinces Phase IV {744-612}, The Empire Assyria conquers the entire Near East Assyrian Empire 859 BCE Assyrian Army Creation of powerful army long history of raids by outside enemies militarization professional heavy infantry heavy mounted archers doubles capacity of chariot siegecraft Inspire terror in all enemies religious ideology of conquest (A šš ur)
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Assyrian Culture Adaptation of Mesopotamian Culture emergence of unified Mesopotamian culture within framework of political disunity Tyranny with high Culture the great splendor of Nineveh Assyrian Art and Architecture Highest culture of the day Art Relief sculpture
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