06b Mesopotamia SS

06b Mesopotamia SS - Ziggurats Temples and Sacred Symbols...

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Ziggurats Temples and Sacred Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia Mesopotamia Mesopotamian City-state system Each city separate state hegemonic/confederation of city-states (cf. classical Greece)
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Near Eastern Religions 1 polytheism = paganism worship of many gods each god ruled different aspects of nature and society worshiped god who controlled the element you sought Near Eastern Religions 1 gods had families and children, etc. Demi-gods are half god, half human e.g. Hercules Uniqueness of Israelite religion Near Eastern Religions 2 Idolatry = worship of images worship of images as manifestations of gods fertility gods main function was to bring fertility focus of worship on one major god by culture or city Ba’al among Canaanites
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Syncretism equating gods of one society with gods of another different names for essentially the same god accepting all gods as existing, and worshiping other gods each god has power in his own domain Cuneiform Culture Writing system using wedged stylus to write on clay tablets Characteristic of Mesopotamia and Syria Golden plate Cuneiform
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Canaanite Gods: Ba’al = “Lord” name = “Hadad” = thunder (= Tammuz) Note Bar (Ben) Hadad = Syrian kings
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06b Mesopotamia SS - Ziggurats Temples and Sacred Symbols...

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